Majora Carter was raised in the South Bronx and spent years trying to leave it. But when the city proposed a waste facility there, she was inspired to defend her community. Now Carter believes in making old neighborhoods good places to live.
I believe you don’t have to move out of your neighborhood to live in a better one.
I’m from the South Bronx. At seven, my neighborhood was the beginning and end of my universe. It was a small town to me, my own version of Mr. Rogers’ Neighborhood—maybe a little rough around the edges. Everyone knew each other, so if you got into trouble in school, chances are your mom knew about it before you got home. I felt watched over. I felt safe.
But just before I turned eight, things began to change. I watched two buildings on my block burn down. I remember seeing my neighbor Pito go up and down the fire escape to get people out. Where were the firemen? Where was the truck? Somebody must have called them.
That same summer, after serving two tours in Vietnam, my brother was killed in the South Bronx. He was shot above the left eye and—we hope—died instantly.
People who could, moved out of the neighborhood, and all I wanted to do was get out, too. I used education to get away from there, and got good at avoiding the topic of where I was from. To be from the South Bronx meant that you were a pimp, a pusher, or a prostitute. It felt like a stain.
After college I didn’t want to come back to the South Bronx, but in order to afford graduate school, I had to. I was almost 30 and could only afford to live at my parents’ home. It felt like a defeat, and I hated it.
At the same time, the city was planning a huge waste facility here and no one seemed to care—including many of us who lived here. They were like, “Well, it’s a poor community, what’s the difference?”
I was outraged. It propelled me to act. It moved my spirit in a way that I didn’t know was possible. And it changed my beliefs—it changed the way I felt about myself and my community. I worked hard with others who felt the same way and, together, we defeated the plan.
After that, I realized it’s just as important to fight for something as it is to fight against something. So we dreamed up a new park on the site of an illegal garbage dump—and after many community clean-ups, along with $3 million from the city, we have one. And it’s glorious. It was the seed from which many new plans for our community have grown.
Today the South Bronx is no longer a stain; it’s a badge of honor for me. I believe that where I’m from helps me to really see the world. Today, when I say I’m from the South Bronx, I stand up straight. This is home and it always will be.
Activist Majora Carter founded Sustainable South Bronx in 2001, and created an environmental stewardship program to develop green-collar job training and placement services. She is host of the forthcoming public radio series, “The Promised Land.”
Independently produced for NPR by Jay Allison and Dan Gediman with John Gregory and Viki Merrick. Photo courtesy Majora Carter Group, LLC.
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